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Yoga Dictionary



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Yoga Dictionary of Quotes ©
Compiled by R. John Allcorn


Back bend:
See "Hasta uttanasana"

Baddha yoni asana (Sense:-withdrawal meditative pose):
“This is an excellent asana for withdrawing the mind from the external world....This asana makes possible awareness of the different manifestations of the [“a primordial, unceasing sound or vibration”] sound through awareness of the psychic sounds.” Enhances “the physical benefits of padmasana [lotus] and siddhasana [adept’s].” [Meditative poses] (6, pp74-75)

Bahiranga Kumbhaka:
See "Nadi Shodhan Pranayama"

“means to hold or tighten... the breath retention that always accompanies the bandhas causes prana to accumulate in the areas of mental concentration.” (6, p88)

Bahiranga trataki (cf. antaranga):
Outer gazing at a candle, moon, crystal etc. (6, p118)

Bellows breath:
See "Bhastrika pranayama"

“Good fortune.” (14, 81)

Bhakti yoga:
Bhakti means “to serve a power greater than ourselves [Isvara]. This is the idea discussed in connection with the practice of isvarapranidhana.” (1, p135) In bhakti yoga “we offer all our thoughts and actions to this higher power.... We are completely devoted to [Isvara].” (1, p136)

Bhastrika pranayama (Bellows breath):
Breath rapidly and rhythmically through one nostril 20 times, retain breath in, exhale, switch nostrils and repeat - do 3 “sets” of this. This is “Stage 1.” Repeat entire process using both nostrils and with both hands on knees for “3 sets.” Good for asthma. “Digestion and appetite are stimulated. this pranayama induces tranquility of mind and is very helpful in awakening kundalini.” (6, p83-84)

“The eternal, unchanging reality.... Vishnu, represents bhava, pure consciousness.” (12, p62)
“Being. Mental Tendency.” (21, p 95 - Book’s dictionary)
“The eight Bhavas: Karann Buddhi
     - Freedom and Power (Aisvarya)
     - Perfect Objectivity (Vairagya)
     - Knowledge (Jnana)
     - Right Conduct (Dharma)
Karya Buddhi
     - Weakness (Anaisvarya)
     - Excessive Subjectivity (Raja) [attachment and greed]
     - Ignorance (Ajnana)
     - Evil Conduct (Adharma)” (21, p 13)
“Bhavas (latent states of the subconscious)” (21, p 14)
“Jnana aspect of Buddhi is both external and internal. (21, p 16)

“Internal Jnana can be obtained through Ekagrata (steady state of mind) (21, p 16); external through books.
Objectivity (Vairagya) is achieved by observation with a relaxed mind. Vairagya seems to be an objective understanding. (21, p 16)
Aisvarya (Freedom and Power) AKA Inner Strength or determination and control. “Aisvarya comes from within oneself.” (21, p 17)
The “Bhavas” help one overcome the Kleshas. (22, p.44)
Dharma, Jnana, Vairagya, Aishvarya are the Bhavas, the feelings which you have to generate...whenever you are doing asanas.”(22, p.47)
Dharma is duty. When doing asanas, “the state of quietude becomes our duty because without that experience, you wouldn’t be able to go further.... Self Direction, constantly directing ourselves, is our duty. Constantly developing our awareness is our duty. All those postures which help us to become introverted fall into this category of duty, Dharma. ” (22, p46) “Also find out if you are doing something which is not your duty. First duty is towards your self. Second is towards your near and dear, your children, your husband. Third is towards your work situation. Fourth is towards society and fifth is towards the nation.” (22, p.182)
Jnana is knowledge. “We have to know more about our own body, our own self. We have to understand our personality more and more.... All Asanas which require neuromuscular coordination and balance...deepen your concentration, then you will be able to progress faster. So, this is Jnana, which needs concentration, only with concentration and knowledge is it possible to gain a deeper understanding of yourself.”(22, p.46-47) Vairagya is a humbling pose to control ego. “All forward-bending postures go in this category where you are naturally trying to humble yourself.... This includes relaxation poses.”(22, p.47)
“Real love will only come when a person is totally disinterested in life, when Vairagya comes in.”(22, p.165)
Aishvarya is “willpower or self-reliance.” “So, all backward bending postures and all Kryas, like looking after your eyes or nose or ears etc.”(22, p.47)
Bhava is the creation or state of feeling in asanas. Bhava is the “aha” in asanas (LM, 1/9/05)
“Dharma Bhava: peaceful/accepting Asanas for Dharma Bhava: Meditative Sitting, calm mind, relaxed body Creates a sense of contentment, i.e., accepting, calmness peace and coming to peace with your life. An awareness of priorities, duties and responsibilities. (L.M., 1/8/05)
Ask students how they feel after a few minutes of relaxation/meditation
Create Bhava of calmness for a few seconds before each asana
Savasana - only for 2-10 minutes at beginning of class - then move into asanas.” (L.M., 1/9/05)
First four Bhavas: Dharma Bhava (quiet, peaceful-meditative postures); Jyana (awareness of muscles and breath); Vairagya (feeling of surrender or “letting go” and dedication to your beliefs including physical, spiritual etc - forward-bending postures, relaxation); Aishwarya Bhava (a state of determination or will power - cobra and other back-bending asanas) (L.M., 1/8/05)
1. Jnana - Body-Mind-Breath awareness as you do asanas
2. Dharma - Calm Mind - Relaxed Body - Meditative State
     - Accepting life as it is
     - Awareness of duties and responsibilities
     - Butterfly, Lotus, Sidasana
3. Wairagya (“vi-rha-gya”) - Letting go: releasing the ego/gaining humility/releasing attachments (Wairagya leads to the state of Aishwayia, #4)
4. Aishwayia (“ish-wah-ya”) - The state of absolute focus, concentration
     - Achievement - skill
     - Increases self control
     - Increases will power of godliness
     - From Ishwaarya (as in “Ishvaryapranidhana”) - Becoming “godlike” Becoming omniscient, omnipotent, reaching perfection (L.M., 4/17/06)
[As Dharma-Bhava] “A state of quietness and peacefulness, especially when meditating. In asanas, it is reflected or supported by the meditative poses. The mental state of calmness and peace; the acceptance of life. An awareness of one’s personal priorities, duties and responsibilities.” (20 - 1/9/2005)

“The impermanent, continually changing world of the mind and the senses.... Lakshmi stands for bhavat, the infinite universe in continual flux.” (12, p62)

Bhu Namanasana (Spinal twist prostration pose):
See “Spinal Twists”

Bhujangani (snake breathing):
Belch several times taking air into the stomach, holding it and then releasing it. “The whole stomach is toned, stagnant gases are eliminated, and gastric disorders improve.” (6, p99)

Bhujangasana (“Cobra Pose”):
“Concentrate on the vishuddhi chakra [#5 throat] “This asana tones the ovaries and uterus, and is helpful in the cure of female disorders such as leukorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and ameneorrhea. It is also beneficial for all the abdominal organs, especially the liver and kidneys.” (6, pp60-61)

In Buddhism, an Enlightened Buddhist monk” (L.M., 1/8/05)

Bow Pose:
See "Dhanurasana"

“Hinduism has further personified the three functions or aspects of Ishwara as Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Brahma represents the divine function of creation, Vishnu preservation, and Shiva dissolution.” (2, p 132)
“The legend behind the existence of tantra yoga is that it was created and taught to mankind by the Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva, known as the Destroyer, ranks with Lord Brahma, the Creator, and Lord Vishnus, the Maintainer, as one of the three great Gods of Indian religious teaching. the tantra yoga given by Shiva provides the means whereby a man can transcend himself and attain a state of being unified with and equal to that of God, the Absolute, Himself.” (6, p21)

Brahma bela:
“In the yoga tradition the period before sunrise is known as brhama bela (the time pervaded with higher consciousness). (17, p32)

Brahmacarya (4th yama):
“Moderation. Brahmacarya teaches us to be moderate and mindful and develop strength. It is most often associated with celibacy. Most of us do not commit to long-term celibacy – at least not by choice. We can follow its teaching by not indulging in wanton emotional, sensual or sexual excesses. When we do engage in sexuality, we can experience it as a union of Divine beings and a sacred act.” (3, p1)
“The real question is...why sex has taken such an important, central role in our lives.” (7, p35)
“A more appropriate translation [for Brahmacarya] may be “not being sensual,” for sensuality, not sexuality is the core issue.” (7, p36)
To adhere to the principles of Brahmacarya, we must experience a “fundamental change of being: the change that brings us to understanding and to the full flowering of life as lived in the present moment.” (7, p41)
“Brahmacarya or moderation in all things (control of the senses). also refers to celibacy. (7, p80)

“Brahman is the total Godhead. It can never be defined or expressed....Brhman is within all creatures and objects.... When Brahman is considered in relation to this universe, He is regarded as a personal God, Ishwara. Ishwara is God with attributes.” (2, p131)

“Conscious breathing is the most basic Buddhist practice for touching peace.” (10, p 16) “Training ourselves in the art of mindful breathing is crucial for knowing how to take care of our emotions.” (10, p 103)

Buddhist - Buddhism:
"If one understands the Buddha’s teaching, and if one is convinced that his teaching is the right Path and if one tries to follow it, then one is a Buddhist." (34, 80)

CONTACT: R. John Allcorn, M.A., E-RYT

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